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What is diabetes, its types, Symptoms & Causes ?

Diabetes has officially gained the ‘epidemic status’ by now. Diabetes is a like a slow killer it unfolds its effects part by part. Ignorance is bliss. But definitely not in the case of diabetes. Lack of awareness and a sedentary lifestyle is what that has worsen the situation all the more. This article provides a brief and didactic insight into diabetes. Go through this article and find all the important information regarding definition of diabetes and its types, diabetes causes and diabetes symptoms.What is diabetes, its types, Symptoms & Causes

Definition of Diabetes

Diabetes Mellitus or popularly known as diabetes is a serious intricate medical condition and a metabolic disorder which can affect the whole of the body. Glucose is known to be the simplest form of sugar and the most important form of energy. Diabetes lead to irregularities in proper maintenance of sugar in the bodies which further leads to short term and long term health complications. A hormone inside body called insulin, is very vital for the transformation of sugar into energy. In people affected with diabetes, insulin is either not produced at all or even if it is produced then it is produced in inappropriate quantities. So net net when diabetic people eat starch containing products, the glucose then formed is not converted into energy and thus they are not able to utilise energy from their food.

Types of Diabetes & Symptoms

Here you’ll find information regarding types of diabetes and its symptoms & its causes. Following are the three main types of diabetes:

1) Type 1 Diabetes

This is popularly known as insulin-dependent or the early-onset or the juvenile diabetes. This triggers in due to insufficient production of insulin. Type 1 patients need to take insulin injections for ever and they also need to monitor their glycemia (blood sugar levels) with the assistance of regular blood tests and a proper diet.

Symptoms : Type 1 diabetes symptoms develop quickly and might come in the disguise of flu like symptoms. Some of them are : continual tiredness and pertinent hunger as the calories are not being used by your body, urge to urinate a lot as the kidney is making efforts to discard excessive sugar in the blood, bleary vision as excessive sugar soaks the water in your eye leading to change in the shape of your lens and hence a foggy vision.

Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

2) Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is generally caused when body cells exhibit insulin resistance. It is an avant-garde situation where in the situation keeps on getting worse. Some type 2 diabetes symptoms might be controlled with the help of surveilling glycemia, maintaining weight, taking a salubrious diet and exercising.

Symptoms : Enhanced thirst as excess sugar in your blood replaces the water from your tissues making your thirstier than ever before as a result your drink and urinate more, feeling hungry all the time as without insulin you are not able to utilize the energy from your sustenance, it affects your capability of resisting infections and healing sores and also low sugar renders you frazzled.

3) Gestational Diabetes

Would-be mothers are vulnerable to this type of diabetes. During pregnancy their body has high glucose which is not effectively countered by adequate production of insulin for the proper transportation of glucose to all the body cells.

Gestational Diabetes

Symptoms : Mushrooming urge to urinate, intensified hunger, increased thirst and bleary vision are the most common gestational diabetes symptoms.

Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes Insipidus is a an unfamiliar disorder where in the kidney of a person passes anomalous amount of insipid urine i.e. odorless and dilute. Increased urge to urinate and consistent thirst is one of the most common diabetes causes but that is totally unrelated with diabetes mellitus. People affected with diabetes insipidus have perfectly normal glycemia that is blood glucose levels but their kidneys are incapable of handling the fluids. Giddiness, nausea, dry skin, excessive thirst, confusion and fatigue are some bourgeois complications of diabetes insipidus.

These were the types of diabetes and their symptoms. Now let’s further move to their causes.

Causes of Diabetes

Here are types of diabetes listed along with their prime movers:

Causes of Type 1 Diabetes : Certain pancreas disorders or infections and family history are the major contributors for type 1 diabetes.

Causes of Type 2 Diabetes : PCOS (PolyCystic Ovary Syndrome), inactive lifestyle, obesity, accelerating age, family history, ethnic background, high BP problems, enhanced triglyceride level and low good cholesterol levels and development of insulin resistance are the prime genesis of type 2 diabetes.

Causes of Gestational Diabetes : Past records of gestational diabetes, family history and ethnic backgrounds, obesity during pregnancy are some of the reasons which can contribute to gestational diabetes.

Diabetes Treatment

Here are some effective ways for the purpose of diabetes treatment:

1) Keep a track of what, when and how much you eat. Develop a diet plan that complements your routine. It can help you reduce weight and also avoid the odds of developing complications in future.

2) Exercising regularly is a very effective and soothing non medical diabetes treatment. It not only lessens the rigor of the disease but also reduces long term complications.

Exercising regularly

3) Intake of proper diabetes medicines and availing impeccable insulin therapy will go a very long way in helping you to maintain your blood sugar levels.

4) Periodic monitoring of blood sugar level is required to stay aware of the present conditions of your body and its response to all the efforts you’re putting in it

5) Reflexology works on pancreas and liver and helps in the regulation of blood sugar levels.

So here the complete guide to diabetes gets concluded. Stay informed and make wise decisions. Preventing and managing diabetes is not a science, it is an art. And to seek mastery in it you need to ensure that you’re updated and using the right tools the right way.

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About Anirudh Singh

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