Home / Health Effects / What are the Health Effects of Arsenic?

What are the Health Effects of Arsenic?

Arsenic is a chemical element a metalloid that exists as a pure crystal element and also in amalgamation with other metals like sulphur. Arsenic has been proven to be a powerful tool in fighting the battles against stubborn cancers but the fact that ingestion of arsenic in excess levels can prove to be really hazardous and at times can even cause death. Arsenic is a semi-metallic compound that is almost omnipresent and hence it makes it even more imperative to understand its health effects.

What are the Health Effects of Arsenic

10 Health Effects of Arsenic

Following are the health effects of arsenic:

1) Cancer

Although arsenic is used as a tool against cancer but arsenic has also been seen as a potential source of cancer. Prominent and elongated exposure to arsenic can lead to cancer in bladders, skin, lungs and even kidneys. Ingestion of arsenic through contaminated water is one of the major contributors of cancers. Inhalation of arsenic can also lead to lung cancer. The time and intensity of exposure to arsenic will determine the severity of the cancer. Arsenic is observed to carcinogenic to humans.

2) Changes in Skin

When one is exposed to arsenic through contaminated water, he or she will sooner or later observe some noticeable changes in their skin. The skin thickens and also the pigmentation and the texture of the skin get altered. Exposure to arsenic also leads to skin lesions at times. Hyperkeratosis where in patches on palms and feet are observed are also the outcome of long term exposure to dangerous levels of arsenic. This situation is often an antecedent to skin cancer.

Recommended Read : 

3) Multiple Organ System Effect

Sustained exposure to arsenic leads to multiple organ system effects which include some problematic situations like fatty degeneration of the heart, brown pigmentation, hepatic lesions, and anorexia, localized enema which is referred to swelling of soft tissues due to overproduction of interstitial fluids and weakness and pain in muscles.

4) Clastogenic Damage

Arsenic also has the potential to alter the chromosomes in the cells and this activity or process is popularly known as Clastogenic damage. It can damage chromosomes to great extents though cases of damage to individual genes have not been observed.

5) Harmful Effects on Children

Arsenic is one of the major reasons behind infant mortality. It also leads to a lot of complications during pregnancy and adversative pregnancy conclusions as its resultant. It also has bad impacts on children’s health and also hinders cognitive development.

Also Read : 

6) Gastrointestinal Effects

These are generally caused due to both ingestion of and exposure to arsenic. It involves problem like enhanced permeability of blood vessels leading to massive loss of fluids, excessive inflammation of the mucus in the stomach and also slashes of the gut. In some cases, haemorrhagic gastroenteritis may be observed along with bloody diarrhoea.  Long term exposure of arsenic also leads to enhanced levels of liver enzymes.

7) Other Adverse Health Effects of Arsenic

Inorganic arsenic is poisonous. Prolonged exposure to arsenic contributes to some deadly problems like neurotoxicity, developmental damage, diabetes, cardiovascular issues and pulmonary disorders. Arsenic also leads to the deadly black-foot disease which is a disorder of blood vessels that culminates into gangrene.

8) Renal Problems

Arsenic can lead to chronic kidney diseases. Arsenic has the potential to damage renal and in many cases it has led to renal failures as well.

Also See : 

9) Reproductive Problems

Cases of abortions have been observed because of arsenic. It also contributes to congenital deformities. Adverse pregnancy results are also one of the outcomes of arsenic. Arsenic can lead to the production of an infant that doesn’t even get 12 hours to live.

10) Neurological Effects

Elongated exposure to arsenic can lead to peripheral neuropathy which refers to the situation where innerve damage leads to feebleness, pain and unresponsiveness. Arsenic leads to various problems like muscle impassiveness, sweating, muscle cramps and spontaneous pains.

These were some deadly health effects of arsenic that one should be aware of. Arsenic is always close to you and hence it can affect you to great extents. Stay aware and stay safe!

Image Credits : Featured Image

About Anirudh Singh

Check Also

Health Effects of Air Pollution on Humans

Health Effects of Air Pollution on Humans

Air pollution spares none, neither the healthy ones nor the athletic ones. Air pollution brings …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

All the data shown above will be stored by Your Health Support on http://www.yourhealthsupport.in. At any point of time, you can contact us and select the data you wish to anonymise or delete so it cannot be linked to your email address any longer. When your data is anonymised or deleted, you will receive an email confirmation. We also use cookies and/or similar technologies to analyse customer behaviour, administer the website, track users' movements, and to collect information about users. This is done in order to personalise and enhance your experience with us. Click here to read our Cookie Policy.